What are Electronic Appliances

Nowadays, any household or workplace is incomplete without appliances. These appliances have subtly taken over our lives and now it’s certainly impossible to survive without most of them.

Some of such appliances are refrigerators, TVs, microwaves, washing machines, dryers, toasters, stoves and ovens etc. These appliances ease our lifestyle and they are very much time as well as effort saving. Though amongst these appliances are two different types of appliances that are often confused to be the same.

  1. Electric appliances
  2. Electronic appliances

Whilst the purpose of these appliances is definitely the same i.e. to make life easier but their working slightly differs from one another.

What are Electrical Appliances?

Electrical appliances are those devices that require electricity to perform a certain function. These devices have simple mechanism which requires electricity to be powered and the electric charge flows through metal conductors.

What are Electronic Appliances?

Electronics deals with flow and control of electrons through non-metal conductors or semiconductors. This control is accomplished by using electronic components that resist, steer, select, switch, store, control and exploit the electron.

Electronic appliances have electronic components that allow the flow of electric currents in order to process information and control system. These components are generally small and grouped in forms of small packages called integrated circuits. These mini circuits are the central functioning points of modern electronics.

Difference Between Electrical and Electronics

The major difference between electrical and electronic is the flow of charge between conductors. Whilst Electronics deals with the flow of charge through nonmetal conductors or semiconductors; Electrical deals with the flow of charge through metal conductors.


Take silicon and copper, one is a nonmetal and the other is metal. Electronics would involve the flow of charge through silicon while electrical would involve the flow of charge through copper.

Electronics and Electrical Devices

Electronics are basically the control system of electric devices. These devices give you an element of control while using them. For example, you can take a bottle opener, which can be categorized as an appliance. Now, this particular appliance is not similar to a toaster which is also an appliance. The difference between these two appliances is the control circuitry that is built within the toaster but not within the bottle opener.

Take another example of the stove and the oven. Both serve a similar purpose of heating food. Both are appliances that ease the process of cooking for you. However, the stove doesn’t have built-in control systems that allow you to time and adjust your temperature through the push of buttons. There was a time when ovens also used to be simple appliances but with electronic modifications, they’ve now become electronic devices.

Similarly, refrigerators were also once simple electrical appliances that were adjusted through simple dials. However, using electronics has modified this appliance to an electronic one that allows you more features than simply controlling temperature. Now you can also have a digital display and control over temperature as well as alarms in case your temperature goes beyond the settings.

Many other electrical devices have gone through a similar electronic transformation making them more advanced and user-friendly. Most devices have basically gone through transformations other than the microwave which was born as an electronic device. Otherwise, refrigerators, ovens, and other electrical devices have metamorphosed from manual to electronic control.

Precisely speaking, electronic appliances are those appliances that use micro-circuitry and Rom in order to program and control features. These devices normally have digital times, controls, and other types of displays that work through power. These are different from electrical devices that deal with the flow of charge through metals. Electronic circuits have components that allow them to steer, resist, and control the flow of charge even in nonconductors or semiconductors. Nowadays, electronics are working behind electrical appliances.