Top 10 Most Dangerous Spiders In The World
Spiders are referred as animal or insect. But they are actually arthropods that have eight legs and chelicerae with fangs that inject a toxin. Spiders are well known and familiar to most people as some of the people despise spiders. Spiders are a crucial part of the ecosystem of the world. There are a number of spiders or different types of spiders in the world. Many of them are harmless but some are very harmful and poisonous spiders. The good thing about spiders is that deaths from spider bites are very infrequent. In this article, we have compiled the top 10 most dangerous spiders in the world.
- Yellow Sac Spiders
Cheiracanthium is a genus of spiders in the Eutichuridae family. Yellow Sac Spiders is a specific part of Cheiracnathium genus. There are various species found all over the world such as the United States, Australia, Europe, and Japan. These Yellow Sac Spiders are usually pale in color. Yellow Sac Spiders have produced webs in the emissions system. Cheiracanthium venom is necrotic in nature. Its bite is very dangerous to human beings and the poison can cause damage to the cells. Several types of pain and swelling happen after Yellow Sac Spiders bites a person.
- The Brown Widow Spider
Brown Widow Spider is a part of Latrodectus genus. The scientific name is Latrodectus geometricus. The Brown Widow Spider has many names like brown button spider, grey widow, brown black widow, house button spider or geometric button spider. Brown Widow Spider is a close cousin of Black Widow Spider and Reback Spider. This brown widow spider has a neurotoxic venom. This is found in many parts of the globe. Brown Widow only bites in tiny amounts. As like many spiders, the males are smaller and less harmful as compared to the female spiders.
- The Black Widow spider
Black Widow spider is known as Latrodectus mactans. Latrodectus mactans is a genus of spiders in the family Theridiidae. Some species of this Black Widow spider are found in the temperate regions of the globe mainly in America. It is identified by the colored hourglass marking on its black abdomen portion. Sixty-three deaths were reported in the United States between 1950 and 1959, due to Black Widow spider bites. Imagine how dangerous the venom of the black widow spider is. Its bite causes muscle pain, some kind of breathing problems, cramps and nausea.
- Brown Recluse Spider
The scientific name of the Brown Recluse Spider is Loxosceles reclusa and Sicariidae. Brown Recluse Spiders are also known as fiddleback spider, violin spiders and brown fiddlers. Sicariidae is the genus of spiders in the Loxoscelidae family. It is a recluse spider with necrotic venom. The bite of brown recluse spider may not be immediately painful, but it is serious. The brown recluse produces a powerfully deadly hemotoxic venom or toxin. The common symptoms are experienced after bite, includes nausea, fever, red rashes, vomiting, muscle and joint pains. Most mortalities are children under the age of seven those who have a weak immune system.
- The Redback Spider
This Redback spider is a part of Latrodectus hasselti genus. Redback Spider is highly dangerous spider believed to originate in the South Australian or adjacent Western Australian deserts but nowadays it is found all over Australia. The Redback spider is a relative of the Black Widow Spider. The adult female is easily identified by her spherical black body with the red stripe on the back part of her abdomen. The red stripe is darker on females rather than the male spiders. A person usually experiences nausea, sweating, muscle weakness and vomiting. Mainly, most Redback Spider bites are not dangerous.
- The Brazilian Wandering Spider
The scientific name of the Brazilian Wandering Spider is Phoneutria. Phoneutria is a genus of venomous spiders in the family Ctenidae. They are generally found in tropical South America. Armed Spider and Banana spider are the nicknames of this Brazilian Wandering Spider. The venom released by the Brazilian Wandering Spider contains a neurotoxin called as PhTx3 which is very dangerous to humans. The person commonly experiences nausea, muscle weakness and also chances of death.
- Six-eyed Sand Spider
The Six-eyed Sand Spider is a medium-sized dangerous spider. It is a close relative of Recluse Spider which is found in various places in the world. The Six-eyed Sand Spider belongs to Sicarius hahni family. It is mainly found in desert areas and other sandy places in southern Africa. The venom of this Spider has a powerful hemolytic/necrotoxic effect. Bites by this spider to humans are uncommon, the human experiences causing blood vessel leakage, thinning of the blood and tissue ruination.
- Sydney Funnel Web Spider
Sydney Funnel Web Spider is native to the Eastern Australia and one of the dangerous spiders in the world. It is a species of venomous mygalomorph spider. Sydney Funnel Web Spider is a part of Atrax genus. Atrax robustus is the scientific name of Sydney Funnel Web Spider. The Sydney funnel-web is medium to large in size. Both male and female spiders are shiny and brightly colored, ranging from blue-black to black, to brown or dark-plum colored. The bite can cause vomiting, muscle pain, and swelling of the brain and it will kill you in 15 minutes. Hence, this spider is more harmful to human beings.
- The Red-Legged Widow Spider
The Red-Legged Widow Spider is also known as red widow spider. The scientific name of this Red-Legged Widow Spider is Latrodectus bishopi. This is a rare spider which is a member of Theridiidae family mainly found in Southern Florida. They live primarily in sand dunes dominated by sand pine. As like its relatives, the spider is not generally aggressive and injects venom only in small amounts. The bites can result in muscle pain, cramps, malaise, local sweating, nausea, vomiting, and hypertension.
- The Wolf Spider
The Wolf Spider is also called as Ground spiders and Hunting Spiders. Wolf spiders are members of the Lycosidae family. There are 125 species found in the United States and about 50 species found in Europe. They are vigorous and nimble hunters with superb eyesight. Generally, the wolf spider lives in grass and dim places. They are dark brown in color and do not make webs. Wolf spiders will inject venom or toxin is necrotic. The systemic symptoms most commonly experienced include swelling, mild pain, and itching.